Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix, that is, the process of the cecum. It is a small organ that has ceased to participate in digestion, but something in the body deals with: moonlighting in the immune system and sometimes falls ill.
Most often it inflames in people 10-30 years old, but in general you can get sick at any age.
Why the appendix is inflamed
To say exactly why the process of the cecum decided to become inflamed in each specific case is impossible, because the reasons are different.
The most common is the lumen of the appendix. In the intestine lives a huge number of bacteria, and when the lumen of the appendix is closed, they begin to multiply rapidly in one place. It starts with inflammation, that is appendicitis.
Sometimes the cause of inflammation are infections, chronic diseases of the abdominal cavity, problems with blood vessels and even trauma.
How to understand that this appendicitis
Appendicitis are difficult to recognize. Its main symptom is pain, and it will not always hurt on the right. The fact is that there are not so many nerves in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes it is impossible to determine what exactly hurts: there is no point in which pain concentrates.
Therefore, appendicitis usually begins with pain in general in the abdomen or around the navel. Then the pain can move to the right, but it is not necessary. The pain is constant and gradually intensifies. Sometimes after the intensification the pain goes away, but this is not always good: this happens when tissues die, when there is nothing to hurt anymore.
Other symptoms, which together with pain point to appendicitis:
- Appetite disappears.
- Vomiting is not permanent, 1-2 times.
- Fever, temperature up to 38 ° C.
With these symptoms, you need to see a doctor.
Before the examination by a doctor, you can not take painkillers, sorbents or any other drugs, put enemas. Because of self-treatment, the symptoms may change, it will be more difficult to determine appendicitis.
How to check if appendicitis or not
In order not to confuse appendicitis with other diseases, the hospital makes a blood test, urine tests, can conduct ultrasound or other examinations. But first you will be examined by a surgeon. Some of the symptoms of appendicitis appear during palpation: the doctor presses on different areas of the abdomen and on the reaction of the patient can make a diagnosis.
You can not pressure yourself on your stomach and try to feel what’s gotten into it. Because of the strong impact, the appendix can, roughly speaking, break through. This will lead to complications.
By your own efforts, you can only conduct safe tests:
- Cough. When you cough, the pain on the right will increase.
- Lie in the embryo pose (curl up) on the right side. The pain must subside.
- Turn on your left side and stretch your legs. With appendicitis, the pain becomes stronger.
- Lie down on the left side, lightly press the palm on the sore spot, then abruptly release. With appendicitis, the pain becomes stronger at this moment.
When to act urgently
There is a complex of symptoms, which indicates the development of complications. This is the so-called acute abdomen:
- Growing pain in the abdomen.
- Weakness, retardation, cold sweat.
- Frequent palpitations.
- The temperature is above 38 ° C.
All these are very, very dangerous symptoms. With them, the cause of the disease is already being searched in the hospital and on the operating table.
How to treat appendicitis
Acute appendicitis is treated only by surgery – this is the safest way to get rid of inflammation.
Appendicitis develops rapidly, within a few hours the intestinal wall can break through. Then all the contents of the inflamed appendix will fall into the abdominal cavity, and this is peritonitis – a serious complication that threatens life.
Therefore, cutting an appendix is easier and more reliable than waiting, whether other means will help.
How to protect yourself
Unfortunately, in any way. Studies have not found a direct link between diet, lifestyle and appendicitis. Sometimes inflammation is associated with chronic diseases, constipation and even caries, but there is no convincing evidence of what exactly leads to appendicitis. Just eat right and listen to yourself.