What is platypodia and where does it come from?
Flattening is the deformation of the foot. In a healthy person, bones form two arches: longitudinal and transverse. They look like an arch in the middle of the foot. Such an arch serves as a shock absorber, helps to distribute the load when walking.
In a sick person, the foot touches the floor when walking. Bones and joints suffer from this.
All young children have flat feet to some extent. It is not associated with deviations, but manifests itself because the child is still growing and forming. Therefore, until 5-6 years old, the diagnosis of “flat feet” is not made.
The arch of the foot consists of bones, ligaments and muscles. When the ligaments and muscles can not work properly, they do not support the bones in the right position, flat feet develop. Most often, flat feet begin to form in childhood and adolescence and become stronger with time.
The main causes of flatfoot:
- Legs do not have enough workload. If you do not walk, do not run, do not exercise, and generally sit all the time, then the muscles will not work, weaken and will not be able to perform the basic functions.
- The load on the legs is too high. It happens because of excess weight or if you have to stand a lot without moving. This includes uncomfortable shoes and high heels: you can not always keep your foot in an uncomfortable position.
- Injuries and diseases. These are fractures, paralysis, rickets in childhood.
However, sometimes flat feet – this is a genetic greetings from parents, when the normal arch of the foot is not formed because of heredity.
What causes flat feet
If the degree of flat foot is small, then it does not cause any inconvenience. But if the foot is deformed strongly, unpleasant consequences are manifested: legs quickly become tired and swell, start to hurt.
As mentioned above, the arches of the foot are needed to spring and distribute the load when walking and in an upright position. When the foot does not do this, the load falls on the other joints: knee, hip. They hurt, the person’s gait changes. The spine also suffers. Flattening can lead to serious problems up to the hernia of intervertebral discs.
That is why they are not taken to the army with flat feet: high physical loads during the service can lead to spinal injuries.
If the flat foot is not treated, the deformity of the feet becomes stronger, the heel spurs appear, painful bones on the thumbs, calluses.
How to detect flat feet
Flattening is longitudinal and transverse. But in its pure form this is rare. To find out if you have any problems, you need to look at the bends of the arches of the foot.
To do this, conduct an elementary test. Such a measurement is conditional and approximate, but it does not require calculations. Lubricate the foot with a dye (for example, baby finger paints that are easily washed off) or with a fat cream. Then stand with both feet on a sheet of paper (legs should be at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other) and analyze the imprint.
First, draw a straight line between the protruding parts of the inner edge of the foot. Then find the middle of this line and lower the perpendicular to the opposite edge of the foot. Divide the resulting line into three equal segments.
Normally, the arch of the arch should occupy one third of the line, a maximum of half. If the imprint has exceeded these values, it’s time to get ready for a doctor who will conduct more accurate diagnostics, send for radiography and give recommendations.
How to treat flat feet
Completely get rid of flat feet is almost impossible, especially if it was noticed late: the deformation affects the bones, and they can not be changed so easily. But treatment curbs the disease, prevents it from developing. What helps with flat feet:
- Operation. Surgical treatment is required in severe cases.
- Medicines. They are prescribed by a doctor to relieve pain and tension.
- Physiotherapy. The direction to the course is also given by the doctor.
- Massage. Stretch your feet yourself and do not forget to take a series of therapeutic massage several times a year.
- Special shoes and insoles. At an easy or a light; a mild degree of a flatfoot they well help to brake development of illness. But they can not be constantly worn for prevention, so as not to weaken the muscles. For complex cases, orthopedic shoes are made to order.
- Physiotherapy. This is an effective way to correct flat feet, but you need to practice regularly.
Exercises for the treatment and prevention of flatfoot
The exercises for the treatment and prevention of flatfoot have a big plus: they are funny and they are not boring to carry out. Some are like a school gymnastic workout.
- Walk on your toes and on your heels, on the inner and outer sides of your feet.
- Walk with pressed toes and with raised fingers.
- Remove your shoes and put a small tight ball or water bottle in your feet.
- Pick up small objects from the floor, grabbing them with your toes.
- Stand still, roll from socks to the heels.
- Sitting or lying, rotate your feet in different directions.
Part of these exercises should be done during the day. For example, sitting at your desk, rotate your feet or on the way from work, walk on your toes and on your heels.
There are also such exercises, which should be dedicated 5 minutes after work.
- Sit on a chair, spread your knees and join the feet. Squeeze the toes of the legs against each other, and remove the heels and connect them. Imagine that you are a frog that claps your heels.
- Stroke the foot from the toe to the knee with the foot of the other foot.
- Crouch on your toes. Take the gymnastic stick (round), stand on it and squat.
- Sit on a chair, put a paper napkin on the floor. Gather her with your toes, without taking your feet off the floor.
- Draw with your feet: at least with finger paints, even with pencils.
How to avoid flatfoot
The surgeon regularly inspects the children, so do not miss the mandatory techniques: the doctor will notice if there is something wrong with the development of the child.
Adults will have to follow their legs themselves. This is not so difficult: dose the load on your legs, maintain a healthy weight and wear comfortable shoes. The correct footwear is stable and fairly loose, so as not to pinch your leg. It has a small heel (up to 3 cm), a tall and firm backdrop.
And if you can not without a beautiful, but uncomfortable shoes, then at least do not wear it from morning to night and often do a warm-up for the feet.